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Montenegro, today...

With a surface area of 13812 km², Montenegro is barely larger than the Paris region.
With a population of approximately 630,000 inhabitants, the population density is 45 inhabitants per km².
The distribution of the population is very uneven in the country due to its steep relief.The capital, Podgorica, has 170,000 inhabitants.

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Some data

Language : Montenegrin / Serbian
Religion : Orthodox (73%), Muslim, Catholic

Currency : Euro
Average temperature from May to September : 27,5°
Maximum temperature of the Adriatic Sea : 28°

Average sunshine : 260 days/year
Swimming season : 180 days
Colour of the Adriatic : turquoise
Telephone indicator : +382

Its national parks

A small country with discreet charm, Montenegro is distinguished by its nature reserves. You will find no less than 5 national parks : 

  • Durmitor Park

  • Lovcen National Park

  • Biogradska Gora National Park

  • Lake Skadar National Park

  • Prokletije National Park

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Its climate

The country is under the influence of two climates.

The continental climate inland is characterised by large differences in temperature between winter and summer, which can be as much as 30°.

The Mediterranean climate, on the Adriatic coast, characterised by dry and hot summers and mild winters, which offers a landscape of scrubland and scrub, with olive trees, vines, citrus and fig trees.

Adriatic coast and Mouths of Kotor : 

Summer season from April to November 

April, May, mid-September, October 24°.

June, July, August: 32°. 

Mountain, Durmitor, Biogradska Gora : 

Ski resorts Zabljak and Kolasin (small resorts) open from December to March.

Hiking is possible from April to November. 

June, July, August, September: 22° by day, 13° by night.

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Its coast, its islands, its beaches

On the 293 kms of coastline, 117 beaches are spread over a total area of 72 kms. 

The Montenegrin coast offers a multitude of breathtaking places, islands, creeks, sandy or pebble beaches, fortified towns...

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Its cities

The country is divided into 21 municipalities. Organised around the main cities of Andrijevica, Bar, Berane, Bijelo-Polje, Budva, Cetinje, Danilograd, Herceg-Novi, Kolasin, Kotor, Mojkovac, Niksic, Plav, Pljevlja, Pluzine, Podgorica, Rozaje, SAvnik, Tivat, Ulcinj and Zabljak. 

It takes about 4 hours by car to drive from east to west and 5 hours from north to south. From Podgorica to Dubrovnik in Croatia it takes about 3 hours and 40 minutes whether you are travelling via Budva, Niksic or Trebinje.

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Its mountains

Montenegro is located in the Dinaric Alps. The Dinaric Alps, oriented North-West / South-West, are geologically connected to the Alpine system. At the eastern end of the Alpine arc, the Dinaric Alps join the Alps in Slovenia along the Adriatic coast. They are about 650 kilometres long and 200 kilometres wide. 

They cross a total of 7 countries, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, Kosovo and Albania. 

Montenegro has around 70 peaks above 2000 m. Zabljak, located in the Durmitor Natural Park, rises to 1450 m above sea level, making it the highest city in the Balkans.

From natural to cultural heritage

Between the mountains and the sea there are picturesque historical villages, Venetian towns, the road from Herceg-Novi to beautiful Tivat, islands, fortresses, breathtaking natural and architectural heritage.  

Since 1979, the Mouths of Kotor have been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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Activities

The more sporty holidaymakers can spend their time hiking, kayaking, mountain biking, diving, jetskiing, paragliding, kitesurfing, canyoning, rafting...

Lovers of sunshine and relaxation will find their happiness on the numerous sandy or pebble beaches and also on some pontoons. 

Gastronomy in Montenegro 

The cuisine and products are of very good quality in Montenegro. Short tours are generally preferred. 

In the restaurant you can eat for a cheap price, between €3 and €10; local meat and fish dishes between €8 and €24 and gastronomic cuisine from €30. 
 

Tipping is strongly recommended here (about 10% of the bill). Local mountain restaurants often offer reasonable prices and are often the best. 

The Balkan cuisine mixed with Mediterranean cuisine gives it a rather diversified gastronomy. There are good pizzerias galore, restaurants with traditional local cuisine, as well as seafood and fish restaurants and of course quality vegetables cooked in olive oil. Fruits and vegetables are tasty in Montenegro!

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The unavoidable local specialities

Burek : the "Montenegrin" sandwich composed of a puff pastry base filled with meat, cheese, potatoes or spinach. 

Kajmak : half butter, half cream, the kajmak is a curdled milk cream used as a composition for dishes or cooking. 

Kacamak : mixture of mashed potatoes, corn flour, kajmak and cheese. 

Rastan : cabbage pot simmered with carrots, potatoes, smoked bacon and traditional sausages.

Cevapcici : finger of mixed minced meat and onions.

Prsut : traditional smoked ham.

Njegusi steak : breaded pork cutlet with cheese and smoked ham.

Karadjordje escalope : veal or pork escalope breaded and stuffed with kajmak. 

Sarma : cabbage leaves stuffed with minced meat and rice. 

Sir : cow's or sheep's cheese (the prijo).

Sopska salad : accompaniment of dishes, tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, cheese.

 

Desserts : numerous cakes, pancakes, bklavas (walnut and olive oil puff pastry), and trilece.

The wines of Montenegro are also very pleasant

 

We recommend among the reds, the local grape variety: Vranac Pro Corde and among the whites, Krstac (dry white wine).

The Montenegrin beer Niksicko Pivo is good, light and refreshing. 
 

The rakia is often local brandy, with Kroska pear, Sljivovica plum, Loza grapes. 

Rakia is a real rite in the Balkans. It will be proposed to you to accompany the coffee. 

Some vocabulary...

Hello : Dobar dan
Good evening : Dobro vece
Good night : Laku noc
Goodbye : Dovidenja
What is your name ? Kako se zovete ? 
My name is... : zovem se...
Nice to meet you : Drago mi je
How are you doing ? Kako ste ? 
Fine, thank you : Dobro, hvala
Please : Molim
Thank you : Hvala 
Yes : Da
No : Né
Excuse me : lzvinite
I am French : Ja sam françuz (francuskinja)
Do you speak English ? Govorite li engleski ? 
How many ? : Koliko ?
The menu, please : Jelovnilk, molim vas

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